The Bruce Medalists

 

  Photo Stockholm Observatory,
courtesy Dr. Per Olof Lindblad
Bertil Lindblad
26 November 1895 1954 Bruce Medalist 25 June 1965

A graduate of the University of Uppsala, Sweden, Bertil Lindblad directed the Stockholm Observatory from 1927-65. He often visited the California observatories. He extended spectroscopic means of distinguishing between giant and main sequence stars, and he studied the structure and dynamics of star clusters. His most important work was the theory of galactic rotation. He showed that the system of stars can be divided into several subsystems rotating about the same axis, each subsystem having its own rotation rate and consequent degree of flattening. The “high-velocity” stars are actually moving slowly; the sun is moving faster. Lindblad confirmed Harlow Shapley’s direction and approximate distance to the center of the Galaxy, and he estimated the galactic mass and the period of the sun’s orbit. His work led directly to Jan Oort’s theory of differential galactic rotation. Lindblad headed several national and international organizations and was one of the organizers of the European Southern Observatory.

Presentation of Bruce medal
Kron, Gerald E., PASP 66, 109-111 (1954).

Other awards
Royal Astronomical Society, Gold medal, 1948, presented by W.M.H. Greaves, MNRAS 108, 212-213 (1948).

Some offices held
International Astronomical Union, President, 1948-52.
International Council of Scientific Unions, President, 1952-55.
Nobel Foundation, Chairman of the Board, 1965.

Biographical materials
Dutta, Suvendra Nath, Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (Springer, NY, 2007), pp.697-98.
Öhman, Yngue, Dictionary of Scientific Biography 8, 364-65.

Obituaries
Anonymous [Öpik, E.J.], Irish Astr. Journal 9, 167 (1969).
Oort, J.H., QJRAS 7, 329-341 (1966).
Page, Thornton L., Sky & Telescope 30, 142-43 (1965).
More obituaries

Portraits
AIP Center for History of Physics

Named after him
Lunar crater Lindblad
Minor Planet #1448 Lindbladia
Lindblad Resonances

More references

The Bruce Medalists


Please send comments, additions, corrections, and questions to
joe.tenn@sonoma.edu
JST
2013-09-25