Martin Schwarzschild Bibliography

Papers, etc.

Schwarzschild’s Papers are at Princeton University. There are 1975 and 1977–1979 oral history interviews with Schwarzschild at the Niels Bohr Library & Archives. There is an oral history interview dealing with his contributions to computing at the Charles Babbage Institute of the University of Minnesota.

Other References: Historical

Arny, Thomas, “The Star Makers: A History of the Theories of Stellar Structure and Evolution,” Vistas in Astronomy 33, 2, 211-33 (1990).

Cowling, Thomas, “The Development of the Theory of Stellar Structures,” QJRAS 7, 121 (1966).

Hufbauer, Karl, Exploring the Sun: Solar Science since Galileo (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 1991).

Merritt, David, “Martin Schwarschild’s Contribution to Galaxy Dynamics,” in Galaxy Dynamics: A Rutgers Symposium (ASP conf series, v. 182), 1999, pp. 3-10.

Wali, Kameshwar C., Chandra (Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1990).

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Other References: Scientific

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Zur Pulsationstheorie der δ Cephei-Sterne,” Zeitschrift für Astrophysik 11, 152-80 (1935).

Schwarzschild, M., “Über die Energieerzeugung in den Sternen,” Zeitschrift für Astrophysik 13, 126-31 (1936).

Schwarzschild, M., “Improved elements of BB Centauri,” Bull. Astr. Inst. Netherlands 7, 337 (1936).

Schwarzschild, M., “Zur Pulsationstheorie,” Zeitschrift für Astrophysik 15, 14-31 (1938).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “On the Light Curves of Cepheids,” Harvard College Observatory Circular 429, 1-7 (1938).

Feinstein, Lillian & Martin Schwarzschild, “Automatic Integration of Linear Second-Order Differential Equations by Means of Punched Card Machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 12, 405 (1941).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Overtone Pulsations for the Standard Model,” Ap.J. 94, 245-52 (1941).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “On Stellar Rotation,” Ap.J. 95, 441-53 (1942).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “On the Helium Content of the Sun,” Ap.J. 104, 203-07 (1946).

Eichner, L. C., J.H. Hett, J. Schilt, M. Schwarzschild, & H.T. Sterling, “The New Photometer of the Rutherfurd Observatory,” Astronomical Journal 53, 25-30 (1947).

Richardson, Robert S. & Martin Schwarzschild, “A Stellar Model for Red Giants of High Central Temperature,” Ap.J. 108, 373-87 (1948).

Li, Hen & Martin Schwarzschild, “Red-Giant Models with Chemical Inhomogeneities,” MNRAS 109, 631-46 (1949).

Richardson, R.S. & M. Schwarzschild, “On the Turbulent Velocities of Solar Granules,” Ap.J. 111, 351-61 (1948).

Hen, Li & Martin Schwarzschild, “Red-Giant Models with Chemical Inhomogeneities,” MNRAS 109, 631-46 (1949).

Schwarzschild, Martin & Barbara Schwarzschild, “A Spectroscopic Comparison Between High- and Low-Velocity F Dwarfs,” Ap.J. 112, 248-65 (1950).

Johnson, Harold L. & Martin Schwarzschild, “On the Color-Magnitude Diagram for M 15,” Ap.J. 113, 630-36 (1951).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Martin Schwarzschild, “The Possible Influence of Interstellar Clouds on Stellar Velocities,” Ap.J. 114, 385-97 (1951).

Schwarzschild, M., L. Spitzer, Jr., & R. Wildt, “On the Difference in Chemical Composition Between High- and Low-Velocity Stars,” Ap.J. 114, 398-406 (1951).

Oke, J. B. & M. Schwarzschild, “Inhomogeneous Stellar Models. I. Models with a Convective Core and a Discontinuity in the Chemical Composition,” Ap.J. 116, 317-30 (1952).

Frenkiel, F.N. & M. Schwarzschild, “Preliminary Analysis of the Turbulence Spectrum of the Solar Photosphere at Long Wave Lengths,” Ap.J. 116, 422-27 (1952).

Sandage, A.R. & M. Schwarzschild, “Inhomogeneous Stellar Models. II. Models with Exhausted Cores in Gravitational Contraction.,” Ap.J. 116, 463-76 (1952).

Schwarzschild, M., I. Rabinowitz, & R. Härm, “Inhomogeneous Stellar Models. III. Models with Partially Degenerate Isothermal Cores,” Ap.J. 118, 326-34 (1953).

Schwarzschild, M., “Mass Distribution and Mass-luminosity Ratio in Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 59, 273-84 (1954).

Härm, R. & M. Schwarzschild, “Inhomogeneous Stellar Models. IV. Models with Continuously Varying Chemical Composition,” Ap.J. 121, 445-53 (1955).

Baum, W.A. & M. Schwarzschild, “A Comparison of Stellar Populations in the Andromeda Galaxy and its Elliptical Companion,” Astronomical Journal 60, 247-53 (1955).

Hoyle, F. & M. Schwarzschild, “On the Evolution of Type II Stars.,” Ap.J. 121, 776 (1955) & Ap.J. Supp. 2, 1-40 (1955).

Baum, W.A. & M. Schwarzschild, “A Comparison of Stellar Populations in the Andromeda Galaxy and its Elliptical Companion,” Astronomical Journal 60, 247-53 (1955).

Schwarzschild, Martin, Barbara Schwarzschild, L. Searle, & A. Meltzer, “A Spectroscopic Comparison Between High- and Low-Velocity K Giants,” Ap.J. 125, 123-38 (1957).

Schwarzschild, Martin, Structure and Evolution of the Stars (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1958; Dover, 1965)

Schwarzschild, M., & R. Härm, “Evolution of Very Massive Stars,” Ap.J. 128, 348-60 (1958).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Die Theorien des inneren Aufbaus der Sterne,” Mitteilungen der AG 12, 15-21 (1959) [Karl Schwarzschild Lecture].

Schwarzschild, M., & R. Härm, “On the Maximum Mass of Stable Stars,” Ap.J. 129, 637-46 (1959).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Photographs of the Solar Granulation Taken from the Stratosphere,” Ap.J. 130, 345-63 (1959).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Convection in Stars,” Ap.J. 134, 1-8 (1961) [1960 Russell Lecture].

Bahng, J. & M. Schwarzschild, “Lifetime of Solar Granules,” Ap.J. 134, 312-22 (1961).

Schwarzschild, M., & H. Selberg, “Red Giants of Population II,” Ap.J. 136, 150-57 (1962).

Schwarzschild, M., & R. Härm, “Red Giants of Population II. II,” Ap.J. 136, 158-165 (1962).

Bahng, J. & M. Schwarzschild, “Hydrodynamic Oscillations in the Solar Chromosphere,” Ap.J. 134, 901-13 (1963).

Härm, R. & M. Schwarzschild, “Red Giants of Population II. III,” Ap.J. 139, 594-601 (1962).

Woolf, N.J., M. Schwarzschild, & W.K. Rose, “Infrared Spectra of Red-Giant Stars,” Ap.J. 140, 833-52 (1964).

Härm, R. & M. Schwarzschild, “Red Giants of Population II. IV,” Ap.J. 145, 496-504 (1966).

Schwarzschild, M. & R. Härm, “Hydrogen Mixing by Helium-Shell Flashes,” Ap.J. 150, 961-70 (1967).

Schwarzschild, M. & R. Härm, “Oscillatory Thermal Instability of Helium-Burning Shells,” Ap.J. 150, 961-70 (1967).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Stellar Evolution in Globular Clusters,” QJRAS 11, 12-22 (1970) [1969 George Darwin Lecture].

Schwarzschild, Martin, “An Upper Limit to the Angular Diameter of the Nucleus of NGC 4151,” Ap.J. 182, 357-62 (1973).

Light, E. S., R.E. Danielson, & M. Schwarzschild, “The Nucleus of M31,” Ap.J. 194, 257-63 (1974).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “On the Scale of Photospheric Convection in Red Giants and Supergiants,” Ap.J. 195, 137-44 (1975).

Ruiz, Maria Teresa & M. Schwarzschild, “An Approximate Dynamical Model for Spheroidal Stellar Systems,” Ap.J. 207, 376-81 (1976).

Schwarzschild, M., “The Study of Stellar Structure,” in Theoretical Principles in Astrophysics and Relativity (Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1978), pp. 1-14.

Schwarzschild, M., “Triaxial Equilibrium Models for Elliptical Galaxies with Slow Figure Rotation,” Ap.J. 263, 599-610 (1982).

de Zeeuw, P. T., C. Hunter, & M. Schwarzschild, “Nonuniqueness of Self-Consistent Equilibrium Solutions for the Perfect Elliptic Disk,” Ap.J. 317, 607-36 (1987).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Galactic Models with Moderate Stochasticity,” Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 497, 16-21 (1987).

de Zeeuw, Tim &Martin Schwarzschild, “Orbital contributions to the stability of triaxial galaxies,” Ap.J. 345, 84-100 (1989).

Lees, Joanna F. & M. Schwarzschild, “The Orbital Structure of Galactic Halos,” Ap.J. 384, 491-501 (1992).

Schwarzschild, Martin, “Self-Consistent Models for Galactic Halos,” Ap.J. 409, 563-77 (1993).

de Zeeuw, P. T., N.W. Evans, & M. Schwarzschild, “Jeans and Boltzmann Solutions for Oblate Galaxies with Flat Rotation Curves,” MNRAS 280, 903-16 (1996).

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Other Works: Popularizations, Fiction, etc.

Schwarzschild, Martin, “The Interior of the Sun,” Leaflets of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 5, 392-99 (1949) [Leaflet #248].

Schwarzschild, Martin, “The Energy Source in the Interior of the Sun,” Leaflets of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 5, 400-06 (1949) [Leaflet #249].

Schwarzschild, Martin & Barbara, “Balloon Astronomy,” Sci. Am. May 1959.

Schwarzschild, M., “Prepared Statement on the Space Program,” PASP 75, 527 (1963).

Martin Schwarzschild

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2016-01-13