Lyman Spitzer Bibliography

Papers, etc.

Spitzer’s papers are at the Princeton University Library. There are 1977, 1978, and 1991 oral history interviews at the Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

Other References: Historical

Alves, João & Virginia Trimble, “Star Formation from Spitzer (Lyman) to Spitzer (Space Telescope) and Beyond: a summary of JENAM 2008 Symposium 9 Star Formation from Spitzer (Lyman) to Spitzer (Space Telescope) and Beyond, held in Vienna, 10-12 September 2008,” PASP 121, 433-35 (2009).

Bishop, A.S. Project Sherwood (Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1958).

Bromberg, J.L., Fusion: Science, Politics and the Invention of a New Energy Source (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1982).

Elmegreen, Bruce G., “The Early Years: Lyman Spitzer, Jr. and the Physics of Star Formation,” in Siegfried Roser, ed., Formation and Evolution of Cosmic Structures: Reviews in Modern Astronomy, Volume 21 (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2009), pp. 157-182 [arXiv:0912.1001v1].

Hanle, Paul A., “Astronomers, Congress, and the Large Space Telescope,” Sky & Telescope 69, 300 (1985).

Smith, Robert W., The Space Telescope: A Study of NASA, Science, Technology, and Politics (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK & NY, 1989).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “History of the Space Telescope” QJRAS 20, 29-36 (1979).

Spitzer, L., Jr., “Ultraviolet Spectra of the Stars,” in Space Science Comes of Age: Perspectives in the History of the Space Sciences; Proceedings of the Symposium, Washington, DC, March 23, 24, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1981), p. 2-13. [abstract]

Zimmerman, Robert, T (Princeton Univ. Press, 2008).

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Other References: Scientific

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Non-coherent Dispersion and the Formation of Fraunhofer Lines,” MNRAS 96, 794-807 (1936).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “New Solutions of the Equation of Radiative Transfer,” Ap.J. 87, 1-8 (1938).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Spectra of M Supergiant Stars,” Ap.J. 90, 494-540 (1939).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “A General Solution for the Equations of Natural Line Breadth,” Phys. Rev. 55, 361-64 (1939).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Stark-Effect Broadening of Hydrogen Lines,” Phys. Rev. 55, 699-708 (1939) and Phys. Rev. 56, 39–47 (1939).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Stability of Isolated Clusters,” MNRAS 100, 396-413 (1940).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Dynamics of the Interstellar Medium,” Ap.J. 93, 369-79 (1941); 94, 232-44 (1941); and 95, 329-44 (1942).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Astronomical Advantages of an Extra-terrestrial Observatory," RAND report, 1946, reprinted with commentary in Astronomy Quarterly 7, 131-42 (1990) and also in NASA SP-4407, 2001 Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program. Volume V: Exploring the Cosmos, pp. 546ff. [This is the paper which ultimately led to the Hubble Space Telescope.]

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Physics of Sound in the Sea (Columbia Univ. Press, NY, 1946; Gordon & Breach, NY, 1968).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Temperature of Interstellar Matter,” Ap.J. 107, 6-33 (1948); 109, 337-53 (1949); and (with Malcolm P. Savedoff), 111, 593-608 (1950).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “On the Interpretation of Measured Solar Wave-lengths,” MNRAS 110, 216-19 (1950).

Cohen, Robert S., Lyman Spitzer, Jr., and Paul McR. Routly, “The Electrical Conductivity of an Ionized Gas,” 80, 230-38 (1950).

Bates, David R. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “The Density of Molecules in Interstellar Space,” Ap.J. 113, 441 (1951). [reprinted in the centennial edition Ap.J. 525C, 402 (1999) with a modern commentary by A. Dalgarno]

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & John W. Tukey, “A Theory of Interstellar Polarization,” Ap.J. 114, 187-205 (1951).

Schwarzschild, M., L. Spitzer, Jr., & R. Wildt, “On the Difference in Chemical Composition Between High- and Low-Velocity Stars,” Ap.J. 114, 398-406 (1951).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Jesse L. Greenstein, “A Continuous Emission from Planetary Nebulae,” Ap.J. 114, 407-20 (1951).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Martin Schwarzschild, “The Possible Influence of Interstellar Clouds on Stellar Velocities,” Ap.J. 114, 385-97 (1951) and 118, 106-12 (1953).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Richard Härm, “Transport Phenomena in a Completely Ionized Gas,” Phys. Rev. 89, 977-81 (1953).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Behavior of Matter in Space,” Ap.J. 120, 1-17 (1954) [Henry Norris Russell Lecture].

Oort, Jan H. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “Acceleration of Interstellar Clouds by O-Type Stars,” Ap.J. 121, 6-23 (1954).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Star Formation in Magnetic Dust Clouds,” MNRAS 116, 503-14 (1956).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “On a Possible Interstellar Galactic Corona,” Ap.J. 124, 20-34 (1956).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Physics of Fully Ionized Gases (Interscience, NY, 1956, 1962).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Influence of Fluid Motions on the Decay of an External Magnetic Field,” Ap.J. 125, 525-34 (1957).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Distribution of Galactic Clusters” Ap.J. 127, 17-27 (1958).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Richard Härm, “Evaporation of Stars from Isolated Clusters” Ap.J. 127, 544-50 (1958).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Franklin R. Zabriskie, “Interstellar Research with a Spectroscopic Satellite” PASP 71, 412-20 (1959).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Space Telescopes and Components” Astronomical Journal 65, 242-63 (1960).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Problems in Magneto-Fluid Dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 32,696-700 (1960).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Kurt Dressler, & Walter L. Upson, II, “Theoretical Equivalent Widths of the Interstellar H2 Lines,” PASP 76, 387-98 (1964).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & William C. Saslaw, “On the Evolution of Galactic Nuclei,” Ap.J. 143, 400-19 (1966).

Morton, Donald C. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., Ap.J. 144, 1-12 (1966).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Michael E. Stone, “On the Evolution of Galactic Nuclei. II,” 147, 519-28 (1967).

Jones, R. Victor & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “Magnetic Alignment of Interstellar Grains,” 147, 943-64 (1967).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Diffuse Matter in Space (Interscience, NY, 1968).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Astronomical Research with a Large Orbiting Telescope,” in Singer, Fred S., ed., Manned Laboratories in Space, Proceedings of the 2nd International Orbital Laboratory Symposium, org. by the International Academy of Astronautics at the 19th International Astronautical Congress, New York, October 18th, 1968 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1969), p.88.

Bahcall, John N. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “Absorption Lines Produced by Galactic Halos,” 156, L63-L65 (1969).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Equipartition and the Formation of Compact Nuclei in Spherical Stellar Systems” Ap.J., 158, L139-L143 (1969).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Michael H. Hart, “Random Gravitational Encounters and the Evolution of Spherical Systems ,” Ap.J., 164, 399-409 (1971) and 166 483-511 (1971).

Purcell, Edward M. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “Orientation of Rotating Grains,” Ap.J. 167, 31-62 (1971).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Stuart L. Shapiro, “Random Gravitational Encounters and the Evolution of Spherical Systems. III.,” Ap.J. 173, 529-47 (1972)

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Trinh X. Thuan, “Random Gravitational Encounters and the Evolution of Spherical Systems. IV.,” Ap.J. 175, 31-61 (1972)

Ostriker, Jeremiah P., Lyman Spitzer, Jr., & Roger A. Chevalier, “On the Evolution of Globular Clusters,” Ap.J. 176, L51-L56 (1972)

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., William D. Cochran, & Alan Hirshfeld, “Column Densities of Interstellar Molecular Hydrogen,” Ap.J. Supp., 28,373-89 (1974)

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. & Edward B. Jenkins, “Ultraviolet Studies of the Interstellar Gas,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 13, 127-64 (1975).

Tremaine, Scott D., J.P. Ostriker, & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “The Formation of the Nuclei of Galaxies. I. M31,” Ap.J. 196, 407-11 (1975).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Winifred A. Morton, “Components in Interstellar Molecular Hydrogen,” Ap.J. 204, 731-49 (1976).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Interstellar Matter Research with the Copernicus Satellite,” Mit. AG 38, 27-39 (1976) [Karl Schwarzschild lecture].

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Hydrogen Molecules in Interstellar Space,” QJRAS 17, 97 (1976).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Searching Between the Stars (Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CT, 1982) .

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Dynamical Evolution of Globular Clusters (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1987).

Bohlin, R.C., et al, “A Survey of Ultraviolet Interstellar Absorption Lines,” Ap.J. Supp. 51, 277-308 (1983).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Dynamics of Globular Clusters,” Science 225, 465-72 (1984).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Spectroscopy with Copernicus and the Edwin P. Hubble Observatory,” Vistas in Astronomy 29, pt. 2, 143-50 (1986).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Theories of the Hot Interstellar Gas,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 28, 71-83 (1990).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The First Known Report Concerning the Astronomical Importance of an Extraterrestrial Telescope,” Astronomical Quarterly 7, 3, 129 (1990) [reprint of an unpublished Project RAND report from 1946].

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Highly Ionized Interstellar Atoms—Heated, Cooled, or Mixed?” Ap.J., 458, L29-L32 (1996).

Trapero, Joaquín, D.E. Welty, L.M. Hobbs, J.T. Lauroesch, D.C. Morton, L. Spitzer, & D.G. York, “High-Velocity Gas in GHRS Spectra of Three OB Stars,” Ap.J. 468, 290-305 (1996).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., & Jeremiah P. Ostriker, eds., Dreams, Stars, and Electrons: Selected Writings of Lyman Spitzer, Jr. (Princeton University Press, 1997) .

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium (Wiley,1998) .

Fitzpatrick, Edward L. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “Composition of Interstellar Clouds in the Disk and Halo. IV. HD 215733,” Ap.J. 475, 623-41 (1997).

Welty, Daniel E., L.M. Hobbs, James T. Lauroesch, Donald C. Morton, Lyman Spitzer, & Donald G. York, “The Diffuse Interstellar Clouds toward 23 Orionis,” Ap. J. Supp. 124, 465-501 (1999).

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Other Works: Popularizations, Fiction, etc.

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Formation of Stars,” Physics Today 1, no. 5, 6-11 (1948).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Formation of Stars,” ASP Leaflets 5, 336 (1949).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Space Telescope,” American Scientist 66, 426-31 (1978). [abstract]

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., K.S. de Boer, & B.D. Savage, “Hot Gas Halos around Galaxies,” Sky & Telescope 60, 189 (1980).

Bahcall, John N. & Lyman Spitzer, Jr., “The Space Telescope,” Scientific American 247, 40-51 (1982).

Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Interstellar Matter and the Birth and Death of Stars,” Mercury 12, 5, 142 (1983).

Lyman Spitzer, Jr.

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