Horace W. Babcock Bibliography

Papers, etc.

Papers from his directorship of the Mt. Wilson & Palomar Observatories are at the Huntington Library. Excellent introduction. 28,000 items in 89 boxes. The AIP Niels Bohr Library & Archives has 1975 and 1977 oral history interviews of Horace Babcock. There is an audiotape of a 1978 oral history interview at Caltech Archives.

Other References: Historical

Babcock, Horace W., “Diffraction Gratings at the Mount Wilson Observatory,” Physics Today 39, 7, 34-42 (1986) or Vistas in Astronomy 29, 153 (1986).

Howard, R., “Eight Decades of Solar Research at Mt. Wilson,” Solar Physics 100, 171-187 (1985).

Hufbauer, Karl, Exploring the Sun: Solar Science Since Galileo (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 1991).

Irwin, John, “The Case of the Southern Skies,” Griffith Observer 56, 7, 2 (July 1992).

Sandage, Allan, Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Vol. 1, The Mount Wilson Observatory: Breaking the Code of Cosmic Evolution (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2004).

Vandenburgh, William L., “Putting a New Spin on Galaxies: Horace W. Babcock, the Andromeda Nebula, and the Dark Matter Revolution,’ Journal for the History of Astronomy 45, 141-60 (2014).

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Other References: Scientific

Babcock, Horace W., “The Paschen Series of Hydrogen Lines in the Spectrum of the Solar Chromosphere,” PASP 44, 323-24 (1932).

Babcock, Harold D. & Horace W. Babcock, “Some New Features of the Solar Spectrum,” PASP 46, 132-33 (1934).

Babcock, Horace W., “Recent Observations of Solar Chromospheric and Disk Spectra in the Infra-Red,” PASP 47, 321 (1935).

Babcock, Horace W., “Spectrographic Observations of the Rotation of the Andromeda Nebula,” PASP 50, 174-75 (1938).

Babcock, Horace W., “The Rotation of the Andromeda Nebula,” Lick Obs. Bull. 498, 41-51 (1939).

Babcock, Horace W., “Radiations of the Night Sky Photographed with a Grating,” PASP 51, 46-50 (1939).

Keenan, Philip C. & Horace W. Babcock, “Interstellar Absorption Near the North Pole of Rotation,” Ap.J. 93, 64-69 (1941).

Swings, P., C.T. Elvey, & H.W. Babcock, “The Spectrum of Comet Cunningham, 1940C,” Ap.J. 94, 320-43 (1941).

Babcock, H.W., “Development of the Coronaviser,” Ap.J. 96, 242-53 (1942).

Babcock, Horace W., “Remarks on Stellar Magnetism,” PASP 59, 112-24 (1947).

Babcock, H.W., “Zeeman Effect in Stellar Spectra,” Ap.J. 105, 105-19 (1947) [reprinted in Selected Papers on Instrumentation in Astronomy ed. by William Livingston & Brian J. Thompson (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, WA, 1993), p. 358ff].

Babcock, Horace W., “Magnetic Fields of Astronomical Bodies,” Phys. Rev. 72, 83 (1947).

Babcock, Horace W., “The Reversing Magnetic Field of BD–18°3789,” PASP 59, 260-61 (1947).

Babcock, Horace W., “An Automatic Guider for Astronomical Telescopes,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 18, 854-55 (1947).

Babcock, Horace W., “Test for a Magnetic Field in the White Dwarf 40 Eridani B,” PASP 60, 368-70 (1948) [reprinted in the Centennial Edition, PASP 100, 1299-1301 (1988), followed by a modern review by James Liebert, 1301-05.

Babcock, Horace W., “A Photoelectric Guider for Astronomical Telescopes,” Ap.J. 107, 73-77 (1948).

Babcock, Horace W., “The Magnetic Field of g Equulei,” Ap.J. 108, 191-200 (1948).

Babcock, Horace W., “Magnetic Intensification of Stellar Absorption Lines,” Ap.J. 110, 126-42 (1949).

Babcock, Horace W., “The Magnetically Variable Star HD 125248,” Ap.J. 114, 1-36 (1951).

Babcock, Harold D. & Horace W. Babcock, “The Ruling of Diffraction Gratings at the Mount Wilson Observatory,” Journal of the Optical Society of America 41, 776-86 (1951).

Babcock, Horace W. & Harold D. Babcock, “Mapping the Magnetic Fields of the Sun,” PASP 64, 282-87 (1952).

Babcock, Horace W. & Sylvia Burd, “The Variable Magnetic Field of α2 Canum Venaticorum.,” Ap.J. 116, 8-17 (1952).

Babcock, H.W., “The Possibility of Compensating Astronomical Seeing,” PASP 65, 229-36 (1953). [The first paper on adaptive optics.]

Babcock, Horace W., “The Solar Magnetograph,” Ap.J. 118, 387-96 (1953) [reprinted in the centennial edition Ap.J. 525, 525-36 (1999) with a modern commentary by William Livingston and also in Selected Papers on Instrumentation in Astronomy ed. by William Livingston & Brian J. Thompson (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, WA, 1993), p. 373].

Babcock, H.W. & Cowling, T. G., “General Magnetic Fields in the Sun and Stars (Report on Progress of Astronomy),” MNRAS 113, 357-81 (1953).

Babcock, H.W. & H.D. Babcock, “The Sun’s Magnetic Field, 1952-1954,” Ap. J. 121, 349-66 (1955).

Simpson, J.A., H.W. Babcock, & H.D. Babcock, “Association of a ‘Unipolar’ Magnetic Region on the Sun with Changes of Primary Cosmic-Ray Intensity,” Phys. Rev. 98, 1402-06 (1955).

Babcock, Horace W., “Stellar Magnetic Fields,” in Bo Lehnert, ed., Electromagnetic Phenomena in Cosmical Physics, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 6 (Cambridge University Press, 1958), pp. 161-65.

Babcock, H.W. & H.D. Babcock, , “Photospheric Magnetic Fields,” in Bo Lehnert, ed., Electromagnetic Phenomena in Cosmical Physics, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 6 (Cambridge University Press, 1958), pp. 239-47.

Babcock, Horace W., “A Catalog of Magnetic Stars,” Ap.J. Supp. 3, 141- 210 (1958).

Babcock, Horace W., “Magnetic Fields of the A-Type Stars,” Ap.J. 128, 228-58 (1958).

Howard, Robert & Horace W. Babcock, “Magnetic Fields Associated with the Solar Flare of July 16, 1959,” Ap.J. 132, 218-20 (1960).

Babcock, Horace W., “The 34-kilogauss Magnetic Field of HD 215441,” Ap.J. 128, 521-31 (1960).

Babcock, H.W., “Stellar Magnetic Fields,” in Jesse L. Greenstein, ed., Stellar Atmospheres (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1960), p.282ff.

Babcock, H.W., “The Topology of the Sun’s Magnetic Field and the 22-Year Cycle,” Ap.J. 133, 572-87 (1961).

Babcock, Horace W., “Control of a Ruling Engine by a Modulated Interferometer,” Applied Optics 1, 415-20 (1962).

Babcock, H.W., “Instrumental Recording of Astronomical Seeing,” PASP 75, 1-8 (1963).

Babcock, H.W., “The Sun’s Magnetic Field,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1, 41-58 (1963).

Babcock, Horace W., “The Zeeman Effect in Astrophysics,” Physica 33, 102-21 (1967).

Babcock, H.W., “Air-support Concept for a Large Telescope,” Applied Optics 24, 1248-50 (1985).

Babcock, Horace W., “Adaptive Optics Revisited,” Science 249, 253-57 (1990).

Babcock, H.W., “Optical Gyroscopes Applied to Telescopes,” PASP 103, 468-69 (1991).

Babcock, H.W., “Adaptive Optics in Perspective,” Bull. Am. Astr. Soc. 24, 821 (1992) [abstract of Hale Prize lecture].

Hardy, John W., Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1998).

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Other Works: Popularizations, History, etc.

Babcock, Horace W., “Optical Astronomy in Perspective,” Astronomical Society of the Pacific Leaflets 10, 89-96 (1967) [Leaflet #462, excerpted from Science 156, 1317-22 (1967).

Horace W. Babcock

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2016-01-09