The Bruce Medalists

 

  Photo 1968, NASA GSFC, courtesy Prof. Hayashi
Chushiro Hayashi
25 July 1920 2004 Bruce Medalist 28 February 2010

Born in Kyoto, Chushiro Hayashi earned his B.S. in physics at the University of Tokyo in 1942. After World War II he served as a research associate under Hideki Yukawa at Kyoto University, and as an associate professor of physics at Naniwa (now Osaka Prefecture) University. He was at Kyoto University, where he earned his doctorate, from 1954 until his retirement in 1984. In 1950 he made a significant contribution to the αβγ (Alpher-Bethe-Gamow) model of nucleosynthesis in the hot big bang. Hayashi showed that at the high temperatures characteristic of the very early universe, electron-positron pair production had to be taken into account, and this led to revisions in the estimate of the early neutron-proton ratio and a better value for the ultimate abundance of helium in the universe. Hayashi was one of the pioneers in modeling stellar evolution in the 1950s and ’60s. He is best known for his models of star formation and pre-main sequence evolution. Demonstrating that they are fully convective and not in hydrostatic equilibrium, he found that pre-main-sequence stars follow what are now called “Hayashi tracks” downward on the Hertzprung-Russell diagram until they reach the main sequence, i.e., they contract at near-constant surface temperature. Hayashi also worked on the formation of low-mass stars—he and Takenori Nakano made one of the earliest studies of what are now called brown dwarfs—and he investigated the formation of the solar system and of the earth and its atmosphere. He was a leader in building astrophysics in Japan, and some of today’s foremost theorists are his former students. Note: He was also known as Hayashi Chushiro.

Presentation of Bruce medal
Mercury 34, 4, 43 (Jul/Aug 2004). See also the ASP website.

Other awards
Inamori Foundation, Kyoto Prize for Basic Science, 1995. [more in Science 269, 35 (1995)]
Royal Astronomical Society, Eddington medal, 1970, presented by Bernard Lovell, QJRAS 11, 88 (1970).

Biographical materials
Bitterman, Jay, Lake County Astronomical Society
Hayashi, Chushiro, curriculum vitae, 1991.
Kragh, Helge, Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, 2nd ed. (Springer, NY, in press).

Obituaries
Nakagawa, Yoshitsugu, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 43, 14 (2011).
Sugimoto, Daiichiro, Astronomy & Geophysics 51, 3.36 (2010).

Photos
Inamori Foundation

Named after him
Minor Planet #12141 Chushayashi
Hayashi Tracks
Hayashi Chushiro Prize of the Astronomical Society of Japan

More references

The Bruce Medalists


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JST
2015-10-15