The Bruce Medalists

 

  photo Photo 2001, courtesy Prof. Sunyaev 
Rashid Alievich Sunyaev
1 March 1943 2000 Bruce Medalist

Rashid Sunyaev was born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, and educated at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Moscow University. The head of the High Energy Astrophysics Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 1982 to 2002 and chief scientist of the Academy’s Space Research Institute since 1992, he holds several concurrent positions, including editor-in-chief of Astronomy Letters. He currently divides his time between Moscow and Garching, Germany, where he is managing director of the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics. He worked for several years with his teacher, Yakov B. Zel’dovich, in the Moscow Institute of Applied Mathematics, where the two proposed what is known as the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect, an important method for determining absolute distances and hence the Hubble constant from the effect of gas in galaxy clusters on the cosmic microwave background radiation. Sunyaev and N. Shakura developed a model of disk accretion onto black holes, and he has proposed a signature for X-radiation from matter spiraling into a black hole. He has collaborated in important studies of the early universe, including the recombination of hydrogen and the formation of the cosmic microwave background radiation. He led the team which built and operated the Kvant X-ray observatory attached to the MIR space station and also the GRANAT orbiting X-ray observatory. Kvant made the first detection of X-rays from a supernova in 1987. His team is currently preparing the Spectrum-X-Gamma International International Astrophysical Project, and at Garching he is working on two experiments on the forthcoming ESA Planck mission. He travels and lectures widely. Note: His name is also transliterated as Syunyaev or Siuniaev. The only correct spelling is in the Cyrillic alphabet: Рашид Алиевич Сюняев.

Personal Web Pages
at International Center for Scientific Research
at Max Planck Institute

Presentation of Bruce medal
Mercury 29, 4, 5 (2000) [See also the ASP website].

Other awards
American Astronomical Society, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, 2008. (press release)
American Astronomical Society, High-Energy Astrophysics Division, Rossi Prize, 1988.
American Institute of Physics & American Astronomical Society, Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, 2003.
Astronomische Gesellschaft, Karl Schwarzschild Medal, 2008.
King Faisal Foundation, King Faisal International Prize for Science, 2009.
Peter Gruber Foundation, Gruber Cosmology Prize, 2003 [report in Physics Today 56, 4, 78 (April 2003)].
Inamori Foundation, Kyoto Prize, 2011.
International Academy of Astronautics, Basic Science Award, 1991.
Royal Astronomical Society, Gold medal, 1995, presented by C. Jordan, QJRAS 37, 277 (1996).
Royal Society and COSPAR, Massey Award, 1998.
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Crafoord prize, 2008.
Russian Academy of Sciences, Alexander Friedmann Prize, 2002.

Biographical materials
Biographical statement on award of the Gruber prize.

Portraits
At launch of MAP, 2001
Chandra Chronicle, 2012
Crafoord Prize Max Planck Institute
Professor Sunyaev’s own photo album, on his website

Named after him
Minor Planet #11759 Sunyaev
Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect [with Yakov B. Zel'dovich]

More references

The Bruce Medalists


Please send comments, additions, corrections, and questions to
joe.tenn@sonoma.edu
JST
2016-01-15