The Bruce Medalists
||Photo courtesy Prof. Parker
|Eugene Newman Parker
|10 June 1927
||1997 Bruce Medalist
Gene Parker was educated at Michigan State University and the California Institute of Technology. He spent four years at the University of Utah and since 1955 has been at the University of Chicago, where he has held positions in the physics department, the astronomy and astrophysics department, and the Enrico Fermi Institute. His research has been largely in the broad field of astrophysical plasma dynamics. He is probably the leading authority on the solar wind, which he predicted before its discovery, and the effects of magnetic fields in the heliosphere. His work has greatly increased understanding of the solar corona, the solar wind, the magnetic fields of both earth and sun, and their complex electromagnetic interactions. He has seen spacecraft go out into the heliosphere and confirm theoretical models he developed before the space age, when observations of comet tails provided nearly all the data available. His books, especially Cosmical Magnetic Fields, have educated generations of investigators. His most recent book includes the effects of magnetic fields of planets, stars, and galaxies on X-ray emissions.
Presentation of Bruce medal
Mercury 26, 3, 6 (1997).
Personal Web Page
At University of Chicago
American Astronomical Society, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, 1969.
American Astronomical Society Solar Physics Division, George Ellery Hale Prize, 1978.
American Geophysical Union, John Adam Fleming Medal, 1968; William Bowie Medal, 1990.
American Physical Society , James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics, 2003; APS Medal for Exceptional Achievement in Research, 2018.
Astronomische Gesellschaft, Karl Schwarzschild Medal, 1990.
Inamori Foundation, Kyoto Prize for Basic Science, 2003.
National Science Board, National Medal of Science, 1989.
Royal Astronomical Society, Chapman Medal, 1979, presented by M.J. Seaton, QJRAS 21, 73 (1980); Gold medal, 1992.
lObservatoire de la Côte dAzur, ADION medal, 1999, presented by Annick Pouquet-Davis
American Geophysical Union
Indian Institute of Astrophysics
AIP Center for History of Physics
University of Chicago
University of Chicago Chronicle, 22, 19 (2003).
Named after him
Minor Planet #11756 Geneparker
Parker Solar Probe
The Bruce Medalists