Time is natures way of keeping everything from happening at once
Natural time divisions
Day= Period of earths rotation with respect to Sun.
Varies slightly in length.
Can start at sunrise (Egyptians), sunset (Babylonians, early Greeks), noon (later Greeks), midnight (Romans, Chinese)
Month = Period of Moons phases
Varies in length.
Can start at new moon, full moon, etc.
Astronomers measure from new moon, when the moon is aligned with the sun and not visible.
Islamic, Jewish month begins 1 - 3 days later, when a crescent is first seen in the evening.
Year = Period of the seasons
Can start at or near spring equinox, summer solstice, fall equinox, winter solstice, etc.
Iranian calendar begins at spring equinox.
Gregorian calendar begins near winter solstice.
Jewish calendar begins near fall equinox, but formerly began near spring equinox.